Data Replication | Dagster Glossary

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Data Replication

Create a copy of data for redundancy or distributed processing.

Data replication definition:

Data replication in the context of modern data pipelines involves creating multiple copies of data and distributing them across multiple nodes or clusters to ensure high availability and fault tolerance. This is typically done to minimize the risk of data loss due to hardware failure or other issues.

Data replication example using Python:

Please note that you need to have the necessary Python libraries installed in your Python environment to run this code.

In Python, data replication can be achieved using various distributed computing frameworks such as Apache Hadoop, Apache Spark, or Dask. These frameworks provide mechanisms for replicating data across multiple nodes or clusters.

For example, using Apache Spark, we can create a replicated RDD (Resilient Distributed Dataset) by calling the `repartition()`` function with a desired number of partitions:

from pyspark.sql import SparkSession

spark = SparkSession.builder.appName("Data Replication Example").getOrCreate()

# Load data from a CSV file
data = spark.read.csv("data.csv", header=True, inferSchema=True)

# Replicate the data across two nodes
replicated_data = data.repartition(2)

# Do some processing on the replicated data
result = replicated_data.groupBy("column1").count()

# Save the result to a CSV file
result.write.csv("replicate_result", mode="overwrite", header=True)

In this example, we load data from a CSV file using Spark and then replicate the data across two nodes using the repartition() function. We then perform some processing on the replicated data and save the result to a CSV file in the folder replicate_result. The replicated data ensures high availability and fault tolerance in case of hardware failure or other issues.


Other data engineering terms related to
Data Management:
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Append

Adding or attaching new records or data items to the end of an existing dataset, database table, file, or list.
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Archive

Move rarely accessed data to a low-cost, long-term storage solution to reduce costs. Store data for long-term retention and compliance.
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Augment

Add new data or information to an existing dataset to enhance its value.
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Backup

Create a copy of data to protect against loss or corruption.
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Batch Processing

Process large volumes of data all at once in a single operation or batch.
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Cache

Store expensive computation results so they can be reused, not recomputed.
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Categorize

Organizing and classifying data into different categories, groups, or segments.
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Deduplicate

Identify and remove duplicate records or entries to improve data quality.
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Deserialize

Deserialization is essentially the reverse process of serialization. See: 'Serialize'.
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Dimensionality

Analyzing the number of features or attributes in the data to improve performance.
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Encapsulate

The bundling of data with the methods that operate on that data.
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Enrich

Enhance data with additional information from external sources.
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Export

Extract data from a system for use in another system or application.
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Graph Theory

A powerful tool to model and understand intricate relationships within our data systems.
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Idempotent

An operation that produces the same result each time it is performed.
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Index

Create an optimized data structure for fast search and retrieval.
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Integrate

Combine data from different sources to create a unified view for analysis or reporting.
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Lineage

Understand of how data moves through a pipeline, including its origin, transformations, dependencies, and ultimate consumption.
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Linearizability

Ensure that each individual operation on a distributed system appear to occur instantaneously.
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Materialize

Executing a computation and persisting the results into storage.
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Memoize

Store the results of expensive function calls and reusing them when the same inputs occur again.
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Merge

Combine data from multiple datasets into a single dataset.
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Model

Create a conceptual representation of data objects.
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Monitor

Track data processing metrics and system health to ensure high availability and performance.
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Named Entity Recognition

Locate and classify named entities in text into pre-defined categories.
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Parse

Interpret and convert data from one format to another.
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Partition

Data partitioning is a technique that data engineers and ML engineers use to divide data into smaller subsets for improved performance.
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Prep

Transform your data so it is fit-for-purpose.
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Preprocess

Transform raw data before data analysis or machine learning modeling.

Scaling

Increasing the capacity or performance of a system to handle more data or traffic.
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Schema Inference

Automatically identify the structure of a dataset.
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Schema Mapping

Translate data from one schema or structure to another to facilitate data integration.
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Secondary Index

Improve the efficiency of data retrieval in a database or storage system.
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Synchronize

Ensure that data in different systems or databases are in sync and up-to-date.
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Validate

Check data for completeness, accuracy, and consistency.
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Version

Maintain a history of changes to data for auditing and tracking purposes.
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