Named Entity Recognition
Named entity recognition definition:
Named Entity Recognition (NER) is a subtask of information extraction that seeks to locate and classify named entities in text into pre-defined categories such as person names, organizations, locations, medical codes, time expressions, quantities, monetary values, percentages, etc. Here is a simple Python program for NER using Spacy, a popular library for Natural Language Processing (NLP).
An example of named entity recognition in Python:
Please note that you need to have the necessary Python libraries installed in your Python environment to run the following code examples.
To run this example, you'll need to install the
spacy library and download a language model. You can do this using pip:
pip install spacy python -m spacy download en_core_web_sm
Now run the Python code:
In this example, we first import the
spacy library and load the English language model. We then process a text string with the
nlp function, which returns a
Doc object that holds all information about the tokens, their linguistic features and their relationships.
We print out all noun phrases and verbs in the text, and then iterate over the
ents property of the
Doc object, which gives us the named entities. For each entity, we print its text and its label.
Please note that the model may not be perfect and might not catch all named entities correctly, especially with informal language, slang, or typos.
import spacy # Load English tokenizer, tagger, parser, NER and word vectors nlp = spacy.load("en_core_web_sm") # Process whole documents text = ("Dagster is a new data orchestration solution for modern data engineering." "Unlike other solutions, Dagster provides a declarative approach to building data pipelines." "With Dagster, your data engineering team can speed up development cycles, " "observe your critical data assets, " "and confidently test your code so that you can push to production in full confidence." ) doc = nlp(text) # Analyze syntax print("Noun phrases:", [chunk.text for chunk in doc.noun_chunks]) print("Verbs:", [token.lemma_ for token in doc if token.pos_ == "VERB"]) # Find named entities, phrases and concepts for entity in doc.ents: print(entity.text, entity.label_)
This should yield the following output:
Noun phrases: ['Dagster', 'a new data orchestration solution', 'modern data engineering', 'other solutions', 'Dagster', 'a declarative approach', 'data pipelines', 'Dagster', 'your data engineering team', 'development cycles', 'your critical data assets', 'your code', 'you', 'production', 'full confidence'] Verbs: ['provide', 'build', 'speed', 'observe', 'test', 'push'] Dagster PERSON Dagster PERSON Dagster PERSON